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In the 1940s, about 4,000 African Canadians resided in Toronto, most living in the areas bounded by Spadina-Ossington and Dundas-College. Most worked for the railroads nearby. The community was mixed with some families already established in Canada for generations. Many Black organizations allied themselves with Jewish groups to strengthen unions and social causes. By the 1970s Caribbean bakeries and food stores began opening, offering patties and other produce from Jamaica and Barbados. There was never a large concentration of Caribbean people living in the area, but they enjoyed shopping in Kensington because they could find familiar things to buy. People from Portugal started to arrive in the late 1950s, but it was not until the 60s and 70s that Kensington became a major Portuguese Canadian centre and Augusta, the heart of their village.
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